Aquileia – History, art and nature

The city of Aquileia was founded by the Romans in 181 BC, in a strategic position on the River Natissa as a garrison of about 3000 soldiers/coloni. It grew and became a regional capital, with the buildings, port, trade and crafts that this required. It was also an important Christian centre. Razed by Attila in 452 AD, the population fled, thus founding Venice. The city lost some of its status, but the resident Christian patriarch was again a significant force in the region in the 7th century and later under Charlemagne, when the Patriarch acquired the power of a feudal lord. The growing power of the Republic of Venice put an end to patriarchal rule in 1420. Aquileia then slipped into a slow decline, even losing its diocesan status in 1751.

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